Dollar drifts near two-week low ahead of US inflation data

Dollar drifts near two-week low ahead of US inflation data

SINGAPORE/LONDON (Reuters) – The dollar meandered near a two-week low on Thursday ahead of U.S. inflation data that will help shape the Federal Reserve’s next policy steps, a day after the release of minutes from the Fed’s last meeting showed policymakers taking a cautious stance.

The dollar index, which measures the U.S. currency against six rivals, was at 105.63, broadly flat on the day, but not far from 105.53, its lowest since Sept. 25 touched earlier in the day.

The euro and yen were all steady against the dollar, at $1.06245 for the European common currency and 149.13 per dollar for the yen, with major moves capped by the looming inflation figures.

September’s U.S. consumer price index data, which is expected to show inflation moderated last month, is due at 1230 GMT.

A downside surprise to inflation will likely support the case for the Fed having finished its tightening cycle, which would pull down U.S. Treasury yields and the dollar, according to Carol Kong, a currency strategist at Commonwealth Bank of Australia (OTC:CMWAY).

“On the flip side, an upside surprise will likely encourage markets to reprice higher the chance the (rate setting) Federal Open Market Committee will follow through on its projected 25 basis point hike.”

Futures markets are pricing in a 26% chance of a 25 basis point (bps) hike by the Fed’s December meeting though just a 9% chance of a 25 bps rise at the central bank’s next meeting in November, according to the CME FedWatch tool.

The dollar’s recent weakness has been driven by declining Treasury yields as bond prices rallied on the Fed’s softer stance on future rate hikes. Bond yields move opposite to their price.

The yield on 10-year Treasury notes was down a touch at 4.575%. It hit its highest since 2007 last week at 4.887, but is down around 20 bps this week.

Also in the mix for currency investors on Thursday was sluggish British growth figures, which showed the economy partially recovered in August after a sharp drop in July.

The pound did not initially react, but was last down 0.16% at $1.2295.

The pound was the best performing G10 currency in the first half of this year, thanks to better-than-expected economic data and sticky inflation that drove expectations the Bank of England would be hiking rates for longer than most peers.

It then had its worst month in a year in September, as those factors reversed, before steadying this month.

“Without a growth pickup, inflation is likely to continue cooling back towards the BoE’s target, and a final rate hike this year looks risky given current economic weakness,” said Nick Rees, FX market analyst at Monex Europe.

“FX markets appear of a similar view.”

Thursday’s CPI release comes after Wednesday’s mixed report on U.S. producer prices, and minutes from the Fed’s September meeting.

Fed officials pointed to uncertainties around the economy, oil prices and financial markets as supporting “the case for proceeding carefully in determining the extent of additional policy firming that may be appropriate”, the minutes showed.

The Swiss franc was a fraction firmer on the day at 0.90155, set for its seventh successive day of gains, the longest such streak since July 2020.

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