At 02:50 ET (06:50 GMT), the dollar index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six other currencies, traded 0.1% lower at 101.820, having climbed on Monday to a peak of 102.19, the highest since April 19.
That dollar strength was based on the Institute for Supply Management saying on Monday that its manufacturing PMI rose to 47.1 last month, bouncing from 46.3 in March, which was the lowest reading since May 2020.
Additionally, U.S. construction spending increased more than expected in March, offering some signs of economic stabilization ahead of Fed policymakers starting to deliberate monetary policy in the latest two-day meeting.
The U.S. central bank is widely expected to increase interest rates once more on Wednesday, and investors want to know whether it will signal a pause in rate increases after May, or if it keeps alive the possibility of an additional hike in June.
The Reserve Bank of Australia, the first of a string of central banks meeting this week, surprised earlier Tuesday by raising its benchmark interest rate 25 basis points, warning that inflation remained far too high and even more tightening may be needed.
EUR/USD rose 0.1% to 1.0991, holding just below a one-year high of 1.1096 reached last week.
German retail sales slumped in March, falling a hefty 2.4% on the month and 8.6% annually, but this sign of economic slowdown in the euro zone’s largest economy is unlikely to persuade the European Central Bank to stop its monetary tightening cycle.
Preliminary consumer prices data for April, due later in the session, is expected to show that inflation remains elevated in the euro bloc, prompting the ECB to hike again on Thursday. This should provide the single currency with underlying support.
GBP/USD traded largely flat at 1.2497, with stronger than expected housing prices, released by Nationwide earlier Tuesday, likely to provide the Bank of England with more tightening ammunition when it meets next week.
USD/JPY rose 0.1% to 137.61, with the yen trading near a two-month low, after the Bank of Japan held interest rates at record lows last week, and signaled that it had no intention of altering its ultra-loose policy in the coming months.
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